Google makes use of 200+ rating elements and dwell time is a kind of elements. Or is it? 

The reality is, dwell time is a complicated and misunderstood metric.

I imply, what is dwell time? How is it measured? Is it REALLY a rating issue? And in that case, how the heck do you optimize for it?

On this put up, I’ll be answering all of those questions and extra.

I additionally reached out to a number of the greatest names within the search engine optimization trade to get their tackle the matter.

Let’s get began!


This put up was initially printed in 2016. However we gave it a MAJOR replace in January 2018 to make it up-to-date. So don’t be shocked to see some previous feedback. They contribute to the subject and we couldn’t simply delete them. 

What’s Dwell Time?

Dwell time is the period of time that passes between the second you click on a search outcome and subsequently return again to the SERPs.


Let’s assume I do a seek for “white hat hyperlink constructing.”


I click on the primary outcome and spend a couple of minutes (5 minutes 14 seconds, to be actual) studying the content material.


As a result of I’ve a considerably unhealthy obsession with studying, I resolve I need to know much more. So, I head again to the SERPs (by way of the “again” button in my browser) to search for extra content material.


This backwards and forwards course of between the SERPs and search outcomes is also referred to as pogo-sticking.

My dwell time on that web page, then, was roughly 5 minutes 14 seconds.

However why does this matter for search engine optimization?

A Transient Historical past of Dwell Time

Dwell time was first talked about by Duane Forrester—the then Senior Undertaking Supervisor at Bing—in his 2011 weblog put up on the Bing Webmaster weblog.


Right here’s what he stated:

 […] The time between when a person clicks on our search outcome and after they come again out of your web site tells a possible story. A minute or two is nice as it may possibly simply point out the customer consumed your content material. Lower than a few seconds will be considered as a poor outcome.

Duane Forrester

However nonetheless, why does this actually matter to engines like google?

Right here’s what Duane stated:

Your purpose needs to be that when a customer lands in your web page, the content material solutions all of their wants, encouraging their subsequent motion to stay with you. In case your content material doesn’t encourage them to stay with you, they’ll depart. The various search engines can get a way of this by watching the dwell time. 

Duane Forrester

OK. Makes sense.

He’s mainly saying that the longer somebody stays in your web site after coming from the SERPs, the extra possible it’s that they discovered your content material helpful.

Listed here are a number of dwell time examples and the way they could be interpreted:

  • 2 second dwell time: I didn’t discover what I wished/anticipated in your website. So, I shortly went again to the SERP to seek out one thing higher.
  • 2 minute dwell time: I discovered your content material fairly helpful and caught round a few minutes to learn it.
  • 15 minute dwell time: I discovered your content material super-useful and was heavily-invested in what you needed to say.


So, it’s not too far-fetched to counsel that engines like google may be utilizing dwell time as a rating issue. I imply, it undoubtedly looks as if a great way to guage the standard and relevancy of a given outcome, proper?

I’ll speak extra about dwell time as a rating issue later on this information however first, let’s clear one thing up…

Dwell Time vs. Bounce Price vs. Time on Web page: What’s the Distinction?

If there’s one phrase that embodies these 3 metrics as an entire, it’s this:


The truth is, I’ve seen SEOs use these 3 metrics interchangeably on many events.

These 3 metrics usually are not interchangeable.

Right here’s what every of those metrics imply (in plain English):

  • Dwell time: the period of time that passes between the second a person clicks a search outcome and subsequently returns again to the SERPs.
  • Bounce price: the proportion of single-page classes (i.e. guests who solely go to one web page in your web site earlier than leaving). These folks might have returned to the SERPs or just closed the web page. It doesn’t matter which. It additionally makes no distinction whether or not they caught round for two seconds or 2 hours, it’s nonetheless a “bounce”.
  • Time on web page: the period of time a customer spent in your web page earlier than going wherever else. This could possibly be again to the SERPs, to a different web page in your web site, to a bookmarked web page—wherever.

It’s additionally value noting that time on web page and bounce price are viewable in Google Analytics:


You gained’t discover any such metric for dwell time.

If Google does use any type of dwell time metric as rating issue, they aren’t sharing this truth (or any of the info) with us.

Is Dwell Time a Google Rating Issue?

Proper now, there’s no official assertion from Google on whether or not dwell time> is, or isn’t, a rating issue.

However, in late-2017, the top of Google Mind, Nick Frost, stated this at a convention:

Google is now integrating machine studying into [the process of figuring out what the relationship between a search and the best page for that search is]. So then coaching fashions on when somebody clicks on a web page and stays on that web page, after they return or after they and making an attempt to determine precisely on that relationship. 

Nick Frost, Head of Google Mind

Sure, this seems to substantiate the notion that dwell time is a rating issue.

However, as Cyrus Shepard identified on Twitter, this isn’t fairly the case.

Google Mind is a deep studying synthetic intelligence analysis undertaking at Google.

They don’t make the rating algorithm. And, thus, this does not affirm that dwell time is a rating issue.

(it undoubtedly hints on the thought, although!)

It’s additionally value remembering that most individuals by no means click on past the primary web page of search outcomes.

So in case you rank on web page two (or past), virtually no one will probably be “dwelling” in your web page…not even for second.

Which means dwell time would solely kick-in as a (doable) rating issue for ends in the highest 10.

Bottomline? Except you’re already on the primary web page, don’t fear about optimizing for dwell time. Your time is best spent optimizing for different (extra necessary) elements that may get you into the highest 10.

However, for individuals who are on the primary web page already, listed below are 3 the explanation why dwell time might make sense as a rating issue:

It’s a Good Indicator of Relevance (Person Intent)

Let’s take the search time period “paleo eating regimen for newbies”.

Paleo diet for beginners results

Anybody looking for that is clearly a paleo beginner. They’re searching for a newbie’s information.

In place #1 (on the time of penning this put up), we’ve got precisely this—a newbies information from NerdFitness:


Should you’ve ever learn this information, you’ll know the way in depth it is.

It covers virtually every thing you might ever need to know in regards to the paleo eating regimen on a single web page. It’s additionally well-written and well-presented.


Principally, it fulfills searcher intent completely.

Most individuals would certainly spend 15+ minutes studying this earlier than (perhaps) returning to the SERPs.

In distinction, let’s check out this web page (rating #6 for a similar question, on the time of writing).


It doesn’t take lengthy to grasp that that is nowhere close to as high-quality because the information from NerdFitness.

Listed here are a number of points:

  • Content material is fairly skinny at roughly 500 phrases;
  • Info may be very primary;
  • It’s plastered with advertisements.

Due to this, I estimate that the common dwell time for this web page under 30 seconds.

Bottomline: dwell time seems to be a very good indicator of the relevance and high quality of a given outcome.

It (Doubtlessly) Trumps Bounce Price as a Rating Sign

Bounce price is fairly sketchy as a “rating sign”, to say the least.

It’s because folks can “bounce” for any variety of causes, such as:

  • No want to go to >1 pages — every thing they wanted was on one web page;
  • Idle for 30+ minutes — this triggers a brand new session in Google Analytics;
  • Poor content material — they didn’t prefer it, in order that they left.

This makes it troublesome to discern good and unhealthy experiences, and/or if a web page fulfills searcher intent by bounce price alone.

As an instance this, let’s return to our earlier instance (the “paleo” one).

Each web page visits had been technically bounces. However, the expertise was very totally different for every website (i.e. good on one, poor on the different).

Right here’s how these two visits seem in Google Analytics:

A 15+ minute go to to NerdFitness:


And right here’s a <30-second go to to FitnessMagazine.com:


Not solely do these two (in actuality, very totally different) visits seem equivalent, additionally they each state time on web page of zero seconds.

Clearly, this isn’t true. So what’s happening right here?

To ensure that GA to calculate the time on web page, it wants two clicks: an entrance click on and an exit click on. If there’s no exit click on (e.g. the person clicking by means of to a different web page in your web site), GA can’t make a calculation.

Right here’s a terrific rationalization from AnalyticsEdge.com:

For classes the place the person solely checked out one web page (a “bounce”), the Time on Web page and the Session Period is 0. This isn’t as a result of Google is aware of they left instantly — it’s as a result of they didn’t have any indication of when the person left in order that they couldn’t calculate the Time on Web page, they usually think about the shortage of a worth means 0.

They go on to say:

It [“time on page”] may have been 10 seconds or 10 minutes; they don’t know, so they are saying 0. Did the person learn your net web page? They don’t know. Perhaps. Perhaps not. All we all know is that they didn’t have a look at one other web page in your website inside the subsequent half-hour (that’s how lengthy a default session lasts).

And right here’s one other large concern with utilizing bounce price as a rating issue: Google would wish to mine Google Analytics information to do so.

There’s no different option to discern the bounce price of a web page.

However, Google’s official stance is that they don’t use any GA information within the algorithm.


So, by Google’s personal admission, bounce price is not a rating issue.

Now, it’s by no means a good suggestion to take every thing Google says as gospel. However, on this occasion, they’re most certainly telling the fact.

Right here’s are 3 the explanation why:

  • Not everybody makes use of GA: In 2012, an estimated 10+ million web sites had Google Analytics put in. Even when this quantity has grown tenfold since then (it in all probability hasn’t), that also leaves solely 10% of all web sites with GA put in. Would Google actually be capable to decipher something of true worth from analysing bounce price on simply 1/tenth of the world’s web sites? Perhaps, however I believe the info could be principally ineffective;
  • GA is commonly incorrectly put in: Anybody who’s ever achieved an search engine optimization audit will know the way necessary it’s to verify that GA isn’t mis-installed. It is a frequent concern and it may possibly typically trigger bounce charges to be inflated. This might be inaccurate information for Google;
  • Advert blockers typically block GA code: An estimated 30% of net customers have an advert blocker put in and most of these blacklist google-analytics.com by default. Additionally they block any makes an attempt made by the Google Analytics JavaScript library. If Google had been secretly utilizing GA code, it will be roughly ⅓ incomplete.

So, even when Google was secretly analysing bounce price information from GA, chances are high it wouldn’t be of a lot worth.

For this reason dwell time (doubtlessly) trumps bounce price as a rating sign — dwell time information is simpler to gather, particularly for Google.

Right here’s why:

Let’s assume you Google “iPhone 8 evaluation”.

iphone 8 review

If/whenever you click on a outcome, Google may begin a kind-of digital stopwatch. And whenever you return again to the SERPs, they might cease it.

Now they know precisely how lengthy you spent on that website (i.e. your dwell time).

And in case you’re questioning how Google will know whenever you return to the search outcomes?”, listed below are two concepts:

  1. Chrome browser information: In line with the newest figures from W3Schools, 72.4% of individuals now use Chrome. Chrome is Google’s personal browser, in order that they in all probability know whenever you click on the “again” button and return to the SERPs.
  2. Subsequent click on” evaluation: Should you return to the SERPs, it’ll in all probability solely be a pair seconds earlier than you click-through to a different outcome. Google may anticipate this click on and thus, decipher a tough dwell time on your earlier click on.

It’s clear, then, that with a bit of knowledge mining, Google may uncover some helpful information from analysing dwell time.

It’s One thing Google Is Actively Monitoring…RIGHT NOW!

Do that:

Open Safari in your iPhone and Google the phrase “hyperlink constructing methods.”

Hit this outcome from Moz (it needs to be within the high 3):

link building strategies for blogs safari mobile

Watch for the web page to fully-load, then hit the again button.

Discover something?

Google has now added a scrollable listing of associated searches below the outcome you clicked.

ezgif 5 6424cf80ee


If this doesn’t give you the results you want, strive clicking one other outcome on the primary web page — it appears to work with most. Additionally, I solely tried this on my iPhone, so I’ve no clue if it really works on Android units. 

This is sensible. You returned to the search outcomes, which possible means you didn’t discover what you had been searching for.

So, Google presents up some associated searches to assist.

This proves that Google screens so-called pogo-sticking (no less than on cellular units). And in the event that they’re monitoring this, chances are high they’re monitoring dwell time, too.

However, earlier than you get too carried away, let me make one factor clear:

This doesn’t show that dwell time is a rating issue.

It solely proves that Google screens it to enhance the person expertise.

Nonetheless, it’s not that a lot of a leap to counsel that this information might are available helpful to affect rankings, too.

(Potential) Caveats for Dwell Time as a Rating Issue

So, the concept of Google utilizing dwell time as a rating issue appears fairly logical and fairly possible, proper?

Nicely, because the saying goes: if it appears too good to be true, it in all probability is.

Listed here are a number of potential points with utilizing dwell time as a rating issue:

It Doesn’t Work Nicely for Easy Query Queries

Let’s take the search question “when did robotic wars cease airing?”, for instance.


On the time of writing, this doesn’t convey up a data graph outcome. So, you need to click on by means of to one of many outcomes to seek out the reply.

Should you click on by means of to the highest outcome (from Wikipedia), you discover the reply within the first sentence.


As a result of the reply was fast to seek out, you’ll most certainly return to the SERPs after a number of seconds.

Dwell time, then, will probably be fairly low for this question, on common — possible lower than 10 seconds.

However, this doesn’t correlate to a foul UX; you discovered the data you had been searching for (and extra) in seconds.

Right here’s what Eric Enge needed to say on the matter:

There are numerous eventualities the place SHORTER dwell time is a sign of high quality. For instance, anytime somebody is searching for a fast piece of reference info, equivalent to a zipper code or cellphone quantity for a enterprise. For informational searches like these, you need to design your pages, so customers discover what they need just about instantly.

Eric Enge

So, on this instance, a brief dwell time doesn’t align with a damaging expertise. The #1 outcome was the most effective and most related outcome for this question.

It Doesn’t Work Nicely for “AFA” (Unintentional False Promoting) Pages

AFA” outcomes are those who, at first look, seem to supply precisely what you had been searching for. However, upon additional inspection (which takes time will increase dwell time), you realise this isn’t the case.


I used to be not too long ago searching for a Google Sheets template able to scraping Google search outcomes.

I looked for “google outcomes scraper google sheets” and clicked the highest outcome, which was this web page from SEER Interactive.


At first look, this seemed good.

Seer Interactive Google Sheets scraper

I clicked by means of to the included Google Sheets template (which opened in a brand new tab, so I by no means left the SEER web site), made a duplicate, and tried it out.

However, after a few minutes, I realised the spreadsheet now not labored and was giving an error.


So, I went again to the SEER tab (I by no means closed this) checked the feedback to see if others had been having the identical concern.


They had been.

I then returned to the SERPs to proceed my search.

So, though my dwell time right here was excessive (5+ minutes), my expertise was nonetheless a damaging one.

The web page didn’t fulfill my wants and, actually, doesn’t need to rank within the high 10 till it’s mounted.

It Doesn’t Work Nicely for “Procuring” Queries

Right here’s an fascinating level Mark Traphagen made in a touch upon the unique model of this put up:

Another situation by which dwell time is perhaps a false flag for content material high quality and person satisfaction: buying. Typically once I’m buying, I’ll click on backwards and forwards relatively quickly amongst a number of outcomes as a result of I’m simply at a stage the place I’m comparability buying, perhaps for worth or sure options.

Mark Traphagen

Everybody I do know does this when comparability buying. You click on a outcome, verify the worth, return and click on one other.

Rinse and repeat, till you discover the most effective worth.

However, “pogo-sticking” round like this creates a situation by which dwell time isn’t an effective way to discern high quality or relevance.

It’s because there’s no actual concern with any of the outcomes—you’re simply being a savvy shopper.

So, does this fully rule out dwell time as a rating issue?

Not precisely.

Google is sensible. We all know for a incontrovertible fact that they will discern queries with industrial intent. How? As a result of they solely show buying outcomes for such queries.


Listed here are the outcomes for “finest time to drink protein powder”:

best time to drink protein powder google results example

And listed below are the outcomes for “finest protein powder”:

best protein powder google example

Google is sensible sufficient to grasp that though these queries are related, just one has industrial intent.

And as they’re sensible sufficient to do that, they’re virtually actually sensible sufficient to disregard dwell time when pogo-sticking happens. Or for sure queries.

So, even when dwell time is a rating issue, it in all probability will get ignored for shopping-type queries.

Ought to You Be Making an attempt to Enhance Dwell Time? (And In that case, How?)

Google appears to be like at many person engagement metrics (e.g. dwell time, CTR, and so forth.)

Don’t get obsessed over these metrics.

As a substitute, give attention to creating nice content material and offering a terrific UX.

Do that and also you gained’t have to fret about bettering dwell time — it’ll care for itself.

I reached out to Danny Sullivan (founding father of Search Engine Land) to ask his opinion on all this.

Right here’s what he needed to say:

I believe Google in all probability tries to measure and use engagement as a part of its rating algorithm. I believe exactly the way it does this isn’t recognized, I believe too many SEOs obsess that it have to be clickthrough price. It largely doesn’t matter. As entrepreneurs, you need folks partaking along with your content material firstly. So give attention to that, and also you’ll in all probability align with what Google needs

Danny Sullivan


Right here’s how you are able to do this:

1. Create BETTER Content material…Someplace Between 2X and 10X

Fairly apparent, proper?

However, this doesn’t at all times imply creating longer content material. Typically essentially the most deserving outcome for the #1 spot is essentially the most succinct piece.

Right here is Eric’s take:

I guess in case you ran an experiment to measure the common dwell time on thousands and thousands of internet sites and their rating positions within the SERPs that you’d see a powerful correlation between dwell time and rating. Does that imply that I believe dwell time is a rating issue? NO. It simply implies that there are extra searches the place an extended dwell time means a person is completely satisfied than there are searches the place a brief dwell time does. There are additionally possible many searches the place dwell time is irrelevant as a measure of high quality too. 

Eric Enge

Eric’s level about there being “many searches the place dwell time is irrelevant as a measure of high quality” is a crucial one.

For instance, the #1 outcome for the question “is it Christmas?” is isitchristmas.com.

It is a one-page, one-word web site.


That is by far the most effective outcome for this question, despite the fact that dwell time will possible be very quick.

Advisable studying: Why You Want 2x Content material Not 10x Content material

2. Goal the RIGHT Key phrases (and DON’T “Clickbait”)

Let’s assume that I wrote a weblog put up entitled “the superior information to search engine optimization.”

Right here’s the way it might look within the SERPs:

advanced guide to seo

Fairly related and clickable outcome, proper?

Not so quick, as a result of on this put up I discuss issues like:

  • Including key phrases to title tags and meta descriptions;
  • Listing hyperlink constructing;
  • And so forth.

So, not superior in any respect, actually…

It is a prime instance of focusing on the incorrect key phrase.

One thing like “be taught search engine optimization” or “search engine optimization for newbies” could be a greater match for this piece.

Because it stands, the content material doesn’t fulfill its promise — the recommendation is primary, not superior.

Due to this, most customers will shortly head again to the SERPs in quest of a extra related outcome.

Right here’s what Eric needed to say on the matter:

 In the long term, what Google needs to see is who’re the kinds of folks that characterize the easiest match on your website. It’s apparent who these are – your prospects. Serve them extraordinarily properly, and also you align your objectives and people of Google in one of the best ways doable.

Eric Enge

3. Sluggish-Loading Web site? Intrusive Advertisements? STOP! Make UX/UI Your TOP Precedence!

Ever clicked a outcome within the SERPs and had this occur?…

Screen20Recording202018 01 1120at2002.1120pm

Annoying, proper?

For me, that is an instantaneous “again” button scenario, which makes my dwell time not more than a few seconds.

However this isn’t the one contributor to a poor user-experience.

You could have seen (from the GIF above) that the web site was fairly rattling gradual to load.

PageSpeed Insights confirms this.

pagespeed neil patel

Keep in mind, 47% of individuals count on an online web page to load in 2 seconds or much less. So, in case your web site is just too gradual, folks will click on again to the SERPs earlier than it even has an opportunity to fully-load.

If this occurs, they gained’t ever see or interact along with your content material, and dwell time will probably be zero.

Listed here are a number of different frequent UX points to maintain in thoughts:

  • Format: Your web site’s format ought to prioritise your content material and guarantee simple digestion. Keep in mind, folks solely solely ever one click on away from hundreds of different outcomes. They aren’t going to learn your put up if it’s written in yellow Comedian Sans on a white background, irrespective of how good it is.
  • Design: Ugly web sites not often instil a way of confidence that leads the person to stay round for very lengthy. So, make sure that your design resonates with and appeals to your target market.
  • Cell-optimization: Many web sites nonetheless aren’t optimized for smaller screens, even in 2018. 9 occasions out of 10, that is one other instantaneous “again” button scenario for me (so, dwell time is near zero). So, even in case you’re fairly certain that your web site is mobile-optimized, do me a favour and double-check.
  • Pageless scrolling: Implementing pageless scrolling works wonders for web sites with a variety of multi-page content material. Why? As a result of the better it’s to proceed digesting content material, the extra likelihood there’s that folks will achieve this. For instance, have a look at Fb/Twitter. What number of occasions have you ever sat scrolling by means of their seemingly endless information feeds?
  • Advertisements: No person likes intrusive advertisements, and Google is aware of this. In February 2018, Google Chrome (55%+ market share) will start blocking such advertisements by default. So, don’t hassle plastering advertisements in all places — you gained’t make a lot cash from them anyway.

4. Sprinkle Inner Hyperlinks All through Your Content material…BUT Make Positive They’re RELEVANT!

Inner linking isn’t about funnelling PageRank round your web site (though there are advantages). It’s about bettering the expertise on your guests.


Google Sheets is without doubt one of the instruments talked about on our listing of 40+ free search engine optimization instruments.

Under this point out, we hyperlink to our listing of 10 Google Sheets Formulation Each search engine optimization Ought to Know.

internal link google sheets

This works as a result of we’re directing guests to content material they could additionally need to learn. And it is sensible inside the context of the article.

It additionally will increase the probability that guests will view multiple web page in your web site.

This reduces bounce price, will increase dwell time and will increase general engagement.

5. ALWAYS Hold Your Content material Up-to-Date (Stale = FAIL!)

Not all content material is evergreen.


In 2016, we printed a mammoth listing of 200+ search engine optimization suggestions.

pasted image 0 3

However, search engine optimization is without doubt one of the least evergreen matters on the market. And, once we reviewed the put up in 2017, we realised a lot of the information had been out-of-date.

We additionally seen that lots of the 200+ suggestions had been nothing greater than high-level fluff.

So, we determined to take away the junk and reduce the put up right down to the most effective 12 suggestions.

seo tips updated

We replace posts like this on a regular basis on the Ahrefs weblog. We advocate you do the similar.

Why? As a result of individuals are extra prone to belief not too long ago up to date articles. This ends in elevated CTR within the SERPs, lowered dwell time, and higher engagement typically.

Last Ideas

Dwell time is certainly one thing Google has researched and toyed round with.

However, this doesn’t imply it’s a rating issue. Or perhaps a remotely dependable approach of judging the standard and relevancy of search outcomes.

No. On the subject of Google, there’s just one certainty: They need to make their customers completely satisfied. And this implies exhibiting the most effective, most related outcome within the #1 spot.

Your job is to be that outcome.

So, craft nice content material that aligns with what your target market needs. And ensure your web site is a pleasure to go to.

Do these two issues constantly and also you gained’t have to fret about dwell time.


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